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Prof. Dr. Marek Gorywoda

Engineering Department

Prof. Dr. Marek Gorywoda | Hof University of Applies Sciences

Contact details


Hochschule Hof
Alfons-Goppel-Platz 1
95028 Hof


Campus Hof | Building C | Room C121

Office hours

Thursday: 11:30 - 13:00
via Mail


Materials Science


Dear visitor,

Here you will find additional information about me, my field of activity, my courses and other topics concerning me.

If you would like to contact me, I am of course available by phone, e-mail or during my office hours.

Since 2004 at Hof University of Applied Sciences:

  • Field of teaching: Materials science
  • Fields of activity: Metallic materials, composite and functional materials, characterization of materials and surfaces, materials testing, failure analysis.

Previously at W.C. Heraeus GmbH as R&D and Technical Sales Manager

  • Fields of activity: Precious metals, lighting technology, catalysts, coating technology, etc.

PhD at Loughborough University of Technology, Institute of Mechanical Engineering and Institute of Materials Engineering and Polymer Technology

  • Topic: Custom-made, Titanium Alloy Hip Join Prosthesies - A Combined Mathematica Modelling, Fatigue Strength and Microstructure Study


Studies at the TU Clausthal, Field of Study: Metallurgy

  • Main focus: Metal physics, solid state physics, technical electronics and computer science

Intermediate diploma at the Academy of Mining and Metallurgy in Krakow, field of study: Metallurgy

an-Marcel Hausherr, Lukas Wagner, Marek Gorywoda, Fabrication of artificial defects and their effect on the mechanical properties of C/C-SiC, Journal of the European Ceramic Society 40 (2020) 636–641

PUCHAS Georg, WAGNER Lukas, GORYWODA Marek, KRENKEL Walter, The effect of matrix porosity on the properties of Oxide Fiber Composites (OFC), 10th International Conference on High Temperature Ceramic-Matrix Composites, 22.09.2019 – 26.09.2019, Bordeaux, France

HAUSHERR Jan Marcel, RüDINGER Arne, MEYER Philipp, GORYWODA Marek, Fabrication of artificial defects and their effect on the mechanical properties of C/C-SiC, 10th International Conference on High Temperature Ceramic-Matrix Composites 22.09.2019 – 26.09.2019, Bordeaux, France

Marek Gorywoda, Lukas Wagner, Jan-Marcel Hausherr, “Fabrication of artificial defects in C/C-SiC ceramic composites and their effect on the mechanical properties”, ICANM2018, August 6-8, 2018, Quebec City, Canada

Tobias Gabriel, Florian Scherm, Marek Gorywoda, Uwe Glatzel, “Influence of Laser Power and Scanning Velocity in One- and Two-Step Laser Cladding on Ultra-Thin Substrates”, Proceedings Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO 2018, Mai 2018 in San Jose, Kalifornien, USA

Tobias Gabriel1, Florian Scherm, Marek Gorywoda, Uwe Glatzel, “Characterization of Laser Cladded 200 \956m Thin Sheets”, Materials Science & Technology, MS&T2017, October 8 –12, 2017, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

T. Gabriel, F. Scherm, M. Gorywoda, U. Glatzel, “Microstructural Analysis of 200 µm Thin Sheets Coated by Laser Cladding”, Proceedings, Euromat 2017, Thessaloniki, Greece, 17 – 22 September, 2017

Tobias Gabriel, Daniel Rommel, Florian Scherm, Marek Gorywoda and Uwe Glatzel, "Laser Cladding of Ultra-Thin Nickel-Based Superalloy Sheets", Materials 2017, 10, 279; doi:10.3390/ma10030279,

Rainer Dohle, Bernd Burger, Jörg Goßler, Marek Gorywoda, “Elektromigration in bleifreien Fine-Pitch-Flip-Chip-Lotkontakten“, Teil 3, Fachzeitschrift für Aufbau- und Verbindungstechnik in der Elektronik, PLUS, 12/2016

Rainer Dohle, Bernd Burger, Jörg Goßler, Marek Gorywoda, “Elektromigration in bleifreien Fine-Pitch-Flip-Chip-Lotkontakten“, Teil 2, Fachzeitschrift für Aufbau- und Verbindungstechnik in der Elektronik, PLUS, 11/2016

Rainer Dohle, Bernd Burger, Jörg Goßler, Marek Gorywoda, “Elektromigration in bleifreien Fine-Pitch-Flip-Chip-Lotkontakten“, Teil 1, Fachzeitschrift für Aufbau- und Verbindungstechnik in der Elektronik, PLUS, 10/2016

Thomas Oppert, Dr. Rainer Dohle, Prof. Marek Gorywoda, Bernd Kandler, Bernd Burger, „Progress in Wafer Level Bumping, Flip Chip Assembly, and Electromigration Performance in Flip Chip Lead-Free Solder Connections with 30µm or 40µm Diameter”, BIT’s 6th Annual World Congress of Nano Science & Technology, Singapore, October 26­28, 2016

Gabriel, T., Scherm, F., Gorywoda, M., Glatzel, U., “Cladding of Very Thin Nickel-Based Superalloy Sheets by Fiber Laser”, ICALEO - International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics, San Diego, October 16-20, 2016

Marek Gorywoda, Rainer Dohle, Bernd Kandler, Bernd Burger, „Study on electromigration in flip chip lead-free solder connections with 40 µm or 30 µm diameter on thin film ceramic substrates”, 48th Annual International Symposium on Microelectronics, IMAPS 2015, Orlando, October 26-20, 2015

Rainer Dohle, Jörg Goßler, Thomas Friedrich, Andreas Wirth, Marek Gorywoda, “Miniaturization for Implants and Other Medical Products Employing Ultra-Fine Pitch Flip Chip Technology”, SMTA/MEPTEC/iNEMI Medical Electronics Symposium, Portland, Oregon, September 16-17, 2015

Christian Gadelmeier, Jens Schmidt, Dorde Jovanovic, Marek Zietkowki, Christian Edkardt, Marek Gorywoda, "Adhesive Bonding of Oxide Ceramics for Complex Ceramic Parts in High Temperature Furnace", 20th Symposium on Composites, , Technische Universität Wien, Österreich, 1. - 3. Juli, 2015

Marek Gorywoda, Rainer Dohle, Andreas Wirth, Bernd Burger, Jörg Goßler, "On the Failure Mechanism in Lead-free Flip-chip Interconnects Comprising ENIG Finish during Electromigration", Proc. 65th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC 2015), San Diego, CA,  May 26 – 29, 2015

Rainer Dohle, Marek Gorywoda, Andreas Wirth, Jörg Goßler, "Investigation of electromigration behaviour in lead-free flip-chip solders connections", Proc. 2014 Electronics System Integration Technology Conference (ESTC), September 16 - 18, Helsinki, Finland, 2014

Marek Gorywoda, Rainer Dohle, Stefan Härter, Andreas Wirth, Jörg Goßler, Jörg Franke, "Long-term Electromigration Study of Lead-Free Flip-Chips with Solder Bumps with 50 µm or 60 µm Diameter Employing ENIG Surface Finish on Both Chip and Substrate Side", Proc. 46th International Symposium on Microelectronics, Sept. 30-Oct. 3, Orlando, FL, 2013

Rainer Dohle, Marek Gorywoda , Andreas Wirth, Jörg Goßler, "Investigation of electromigration behaviour in lead-free flip-chip solders connections", Proc. 2014 Electronics System Integration Technology Conference (ESTC), September 16 - 18, Helsinki, Finland, 2014

Marek Gorywoda, Rainer Dohle, Stefan Härter, Andreas Wirth, Jörg Goßler, Jörg Franke, "Long-term Electromigration Study of Lead-Free Flip-Chips with Solder Bumps with 50 µm or 60 µm Diameter Employing ENIG Surface Finish on Both Chip and Substrate Side", Proc. 46th International Symposium on Microelectronics, Sept. 30-Oct. 3, Orlando, FL, 2013

Dohle, R., Härter, S., Wirth, A., Goßler, J., Gorywoda, M., Reinhardt, A., Franke, J., "Electromigration Performance of Flip-Chips with Lead-Free Solder Bumps between 30 µm and 60 µm Diameter", 45th Syposion on Microelectronics, San Diegeo, California, Sept. 9-13, 2012 

Ch. Pönisch, D. Schwanke, M. Gorywoda, J.Geng, "Funktionelle Beschichtungen auf Siebdruckgeweben und deren Charakterisierung", PLUS: Fachzeitschrift für die Fertigung in der Elektronik, Band 9, Eugen G. Leutze Verlag, Bad Saulgau, September 2008

Bernd Fischer, Marek Gorywoda, David Lupton, Rainer Völkl, Dietmar Freund, Erik Hartmann, "High Temperature Tensile Properties of Platinum Materials", 27th International Precious Metals Conference, Puerto Rico, June 14-17, 2003

Marek Gorywoda, "Heraeus FTC-System: New concept in Catalyst Gauze for Nitric Acid Production", 25th International Precious Metals Conference, Tucson, Arizona, June 9-12, 2001

M. Gorywoda, "Case Studies on Used Catalyst Gauzes from HCN Reaktors", 1st Blue Acid Seminar, Hanau, 20-21 September, 2001

U. Jantsch, M. Gorywoda, "A Parametric Study of the Ammonia Oxidation in the Ostwald Process", International Conference & Exhibition Nitrogen 2000, Vienna 12-14 March, 2000

M. Gorywoda, "Financial Implications of Catalyst Systems for Nitric Acid", Krupp Uhde Fertiliser Symposium 1988, Proceedings

M.W. Gorywoda, D.F. Lupton, J. Lund, "Some Economic Aspects of Catalyst Systems for Ammonia Oxidation in Nitric Acid Production", International Conference & Exhibition, Nitrogen' 97, Geneva, February 9-11, 1997

A. Choudhury, M Blum, P. Busse, D. Lupton, M. Gorywoda, "Herstellung von TiAl-Ventilen durch Schleuderguß in metallische Dauerformen", Werkstoffwoche 1997, DGM Informationsgesellschaft mbH, ISBN 3-88355-230-5

M.W. Gorywoda, D.F. Lupton, "Warp knitting precious metal gauzes", Postep i bezpieczenstwo techniczne w technologii nawozow azotowych, Politechnika Wroclawska Seria 25, Wroclaw 1995 (Poland)

M.W. Gorywoda, D.F. Lupton, M. Hörman & J. Lund, "Warp knitted catalyst gauzes", Nitrogen, May/June 1994, British Sulphur Pblishing

J. Ascough, M. Gorywoda, "Mathematical and experimental modelling in hip joint prosthesis", The Changing Role of Engineering in Orthopaedics, International Conference, London, 14-15 April, 1989, Proceedings IMechE 1989-5, p. 27


Below you will find a list of the lectures I have given. The contents of these lectures can be found in the module handbooks of the respective courses.


  • Physical Fundamentals of Materials Engineering
  • Materials engineering of metallic materials
  • Composite materials
  • Functional materials
  • Mechanical properties and their testing
  • Non-destructive testing
  • Modern methods of materials and surface characterization.


  • Ceramic and metallic matrix composites
  • Testing and characterization of composite materials
  • Materials for lightweight construction

 Previous lectures:

  • Materials for Medical Technology
  • Project Management
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Thermodynamics


During my lectures practical examples are worked through. This is especially true for Bachelor lectures.

For Master lectures, students are encouraged to work on their own and have to give lectures.


Laboratory exercises are an integral part of the following subjects:

  • Mechanical properties and their testing
  • Non-destructive testing
  • Modern methods of material and surface characterization
  • Testing and characterization of composite materials

In the laboratory exercises, practical tests are carried out and evaluated. The practical courses are largely supervised by our laboratory engineers.

From my side, there is always the interest and willingness to participate in project work. These can be research, development or implementation projects, but also investigations, consultations or seminars.

I am particularly pleased when companies from the area around Hof find their way to the university. Contacts already exist with several companies.

If you are interested in a cooperation with the university, I will be happy to provide you with information.

EP 0606535: Knitted fabric of noble metal wires and process for its manufacture

EP 0774298: Goldfree net made of noble metal

DE 19941610: Use of ceramic gauzes

WO 0187771: Method and device for the reduction of nitrogen protoxide

EP 0835705: Method and apparatus for production of controlled solidified precision casting by centrifugal casting

EP 0879791: Process for the preparation of mixed crystalline powders with low electric resistance

EP 0959055: Process for manufacturing indium tin oxide articles

DE 19941610: Component contacting glass melt in highly corrosive region and made of refractory substance with precious metal coating, has top layer of specified, fine porosity

EP 0873728: Radial expandable support device (stent) II

EP 0873729: Radial expandable support device (stent) III

I am happy to supervise you during your practical work, Bachelor's thesis or even Master's thesis. Theses are usually done externally at companies.


The topic should have something to do with materials, their processing or their use.

Please let me know your wish at an early stage.

Many companies are looking for bachelor and master students. Please contact me if you want to be informed about the latest requests.


Examples for Master's theses:

Fabrication and evaluation of modified CFRP preforms via the prepreg process.
Influence of new matrix systems on the mechanical properties of C/SiC materials produced by the fiber winding process
Development of a reconstitution device
Fabrication and characterization of cohesive ceramic joints using high temperature and laser beam joining techniques
Investigation of the damage behavior of CFRP joints under thermal load
Influence of flaws on the mechanical properties of thermoplastic fiber composites under static test conditions
Development of Novel Flow Measurements for the Quality Control of Carbon Fibre Reinforcements
Development of Series Production of Composite Door Structures Using a Drilling/Riveting Robot for the Airbus A350 XWB
Simulation-based optimization of thermal process control in the generative manufacturing process LaserCUSING
Material and process investigations on test bodies for CFRP structural profiles in high volumes for use in the next generation aircraft fuselage
Use of polyester materials as matrix for recycled carbon fleece
Effect of damage during joining of fiber-reinforced plastics with steel on strength parameters
Fiber prepreg sticks - production and properties as C/C-SiC composite material
Shop-floor damage detection methods on CFRP structural components
Technical cleanliness of die cast parts
Development of a joining element geometry for direct bolting of CFRP mixed structural joints
Contribution to the potential assessment of 3D-reinforced foams based on core structure mechanics and expected costs
Properties of continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastics: market analysis and experimental study of tensile, flexural and impact behavior
Validation of a test method suitable for fiber composites to determine the characteristic values of joining techniques
Influence of local fiber orientation on the flexural strength of short fiber reinforced ceramics
Development of a lead lamella filter to improve image acquisition in computed tomography

Examples of Bachelor's theses and practical work:

Fundamentals of characterization of mechanical properties of PMC and CMC
Injection bonding - Joining prior to bonding
Correlation between heat treatment parameters and microstructural properties of low alloy induction hardened springs
Investigation of polyethylene-polypropylene blending systems for WPC
Development of a density-reduced polymer blend for the aircraft industry
Service life optimization of die casting mold components
Partial electroplating of plastic parts
Polymer blends based on high temperature thermoplastics
Investigation of stress relaxation and (hot) setting of springs
Qualification of coatings
Design and functional optimization of an aerosolization system
Materials science and process engineering investigations to improve laser welding processes
Development of a quality test suitable for series production for components made of modern high-strength steels
Qualification of a new starting material supplier of the aluminum alloy EN- AW 6056 for the screw industry
The aluminum-silicon coating and the change of mechanical properties of steel sheet in contact heat treatment
Laser Edge edge bands
Determination of alternative hard coatings for the optimization of tool life for metal cutting
Computer-aided testing of the barrel of a firecracker
Investigation of the influence of temperature on the mechanical properties of unidirectional continuous glass fiber reinforced polypropylene and polyamide 6
Optimization of nitriding parameters on dynamically highly stressed springs made of nitrided valve spring wires
Development of a test specimen
Forming device for mold hardening on a laboratory scale
Feasibility study to determine the optimum fuse path
Determination of the distortion potential from the blank in the as-delivered condition and the milling process for bevel gears
Development of a test specimen for corrosion protection on sheet metal materials in the automotive industry
Influence of Al content on the phase transition temperatures of selected β/γ- TiAl alloys
Determination of the load limits of SMD components due to mechanical vibrations
Analysis, metallographic evaluation and modification of process parameters to reduce cracks
Characterization of coated screen printing meshes and the influence of different coatings on paste release behavior in screen printing with regard to improving structure resolution
Product and process optimization of Mo-Band assembly as well as upstream and downstream processes
Influence of casting parameters on the economic efficiency of machining gray cast iron parts in large series products

The project work forms a special form of the course. Interested students can use the available laboratory equipment to work on a practical topic. In doing so, they are individually supervised by me and the laboratory engineers. The project work will be graded at the end of the semester and recognized as an elective.

Please contact me early if you are interested in project work.

Examples of topics:

Rockwell hardness measurement on plastics
FTIR spectroscopy
Instrumented notched bar impact testing for plastics and composites
The RTM process: Commissioning and optimization
Characterization of plastic creep with the nano-indenter
Surface energy of silicone
Creep resistance of aluminum screws
Development of a software controlled machine drive
Instrumented notched bar impact test
Vacuum infiltration of composite materials
Design of a device to determine the fracture toughness KIc of plastics
Formal requirements for a study, project and bachelor thesis
Fiber volume determination in composites
Tensile- compressive measuring device
Ultrasonic testing in immersion technology
Recrystallization in aluminum
High speed camera
Characterization of surfaces and layers with nanoindenter
Mechanical testing of composite materials
Testing with strain gauges (DMS)
Bending test
Nanoindentation of aluminum
Portal machine
Microhardness measurement on Cu and Al
Production of GFK by hand lamination
The use of high-speed cameras in materials technology
DSC on plastics
Contact angle measurement
Measurement with light microscope
Microhardness measurement on glass and ceramics
Hardness testing with nanoindenter
Thermoelastic stress analysis
Ultrasonic testing with angle probe
Microscopy with Neophot 30
Microscopy with light microscope
Microhardness testing according to Vickers
Use of tensile testing machine
Practice of scanning electron microscopy and EDX analysis

My area of responsibility includes responsibility for the following laboratories:

  • Laboratory for microscopy 
  • Laboratory for materials testing 

The laboratories are equipped with modern equipment and are mainly used for teaching and research purposes. It is also possible to carry out externally funded projects.

Equipment of the laboratory for microscopy:

  • Stereo light microscope
  • Research light microscope
  • Sample preparation for light microscopy
  • Digital image acquisition, measurement and analysis
  • Scanning electron microscope (SEM)
  • Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDXA)
  • Sample preparation for SEM
  • Micro hardness measurement from 0.005N to 2N
  • Instrumented hardness measurement Nanoindenter XP
  • Contact angle measurement

Equipment of the materials testing laboratory:

  • Universal tensile testing machine with a 100kN load cell
  • Testing and evaluation software: testExpert
  • Hardness measurement: Rockwell, Brinell, Vickers
  • Notched bar impact tester
  • Ultrasonic testing device
  • Thermography testing system
  • Coating thickness measurement
  • Surface roughness

Additionally available:

  • Simultaneous thermal analysis: DSC and TGA
  • FTIR spectrometer